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Referências Científicas

Esta sessão do site mostra referências importantes baseadas em pesquisas relacionadas a alimentos Grass Fed.

Qualidade da Carne

Bowling, R. A. (1977). "Comparison of Forage-finished and grain-finished beef carcasses." J of Animal Science 45(2): 209-215.

Bowling, R. A. et al. (1978). "Production, carcass and palatability characteristics of steers produced by different management systems." J of Animal Science 46(2): 333-40.

McAfee, A.J.; E M McSorley; et al. British Journal of Nutrition (2011) Red meat from animals offered a grass diet increases plasma and platelet N-3 PUFA in healthy consumers. Volume 105, pages 80-89.

Mercier, Y., P. Gatellier, M. Renerre (2004). "Lipid and protein oxidation in vitro, and antioxidant potential in meat from Charolais cows finished on pasture or mixed diet." Meat Science 66: 467-473.

Gordura em produtos de animais criados a pasto x em confinamento

Couvreur, S., C. Hurtau*,1, C. Lopez, L. Delaby and J. L. Peyraud.“The Linear Relationship between the Proportion of Fresh Grass in the Cow Diet, Milk Fatty Acid Composition, and Butter Properties” Journal of Dairy Science, 2006. 89:1956–1969.

Dannenberger, D., G. Nuernberg, et al. (2007). "Diet Alters the Fatty Acid Composition of Individual Phospholipid Classes in Beef Muscle." J Agric Food Chem 55(2): 452-460.

Demeyer, D., and M. Doreau. "Targets and Procedures for Altering Ruminant Meat and Milk Lipids." Proc Nutr Soc 58, no. 3 (1999): 593-607.

Kolver, E. S., and L. D. Muller. "Performance and Nutrient Intake of High Producing Holstein Cows Consuming Pasture or a Total Mixed Ration." J Dairy Sci 81, no. 5 (1998): 1403-11.

Kraft, Jana, John K.G. Kramer, Friedrich Schoene, Jim R. Chambers, and Gerhard Hahreise. 2008. “Extensive Analysis of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, CLA, trans-18:1 Isomers, and Plasmalogenic Lipids in Different Retail Beef types” J. Agric Food Chemistry 56:4775-4782.

Mandell, I. B., J. G. Buchanan-Smith, and C. P. Campbell. "Effects of Forage Vs Grain Feeding on Carcass Characteristics, Fatty Acid Composition, and Beef Quality in Limousin-Cross Steers When Time on Feed Is Controlled." J Anim Sci 76, no. 10 (1998): 2619-30.

Mills, E. W., J. W. Comerford, R. Hollender, H. W. Harpster, B. House, and W. R. Henning. "Meat Composition and Palatability of Holstein and Beef Steers as Influenced by Forage Type and Protein Source." J Anim Sci 70, no. 8 (1992): 2446-51.

Moloney, A. P., M. T. Mooney, J. P. Kerry, and D. J. Troy. "Producing Tender and Flavoursome Beef with Enhanced Nutritional Characteristics." Proc Nutr Soc 60, no. 2 (2001): 221-9.

O'Sullivan, A., K. O'Sullivan, K. Galvin, A. P. Moloney, D. J. Troy, and J. P. Kerry. "Grass Silage Versus Maize Silage Effects on Retail Packaged Beef Quality." J Anim Sci 80, no. 6 (2002): 1556-63.

Pearce, J., and D. M. Chestnutt. "A Comparison of the Fatty Acid Composition of Adipose Tissue Triglyceride from Grass-Fed and Intensively-Reared Lambs." Proc Nutr Soc 33, no. 3 (1974): 99A-100A.

Flachowsky, G., B. Heidemann, M. Schlenzig, H. Wilk, and A. Henning. "Factors Influencing the Vitamin A Concentration in the Liver of Cattle." Z Ernahrungswiss 32, no. 1 (1993): 21-37.

Griffiths, J. R. "The Nutritional Assessment of Pasture." Vet Rec 88, no. 6 (1971): 142-4. Hakkarainen, J., B. Pehrson, and J. Tyopponen. "Blood Vitamin E, Selenium and Glutathione Peroxidase Concentrations in Heifers Fed Either on Grass or on Winter Feed." Zentralbl Veterinarmed [A] 34, no. 7 (1987): 508-14.

Morris, S.T. et al. "Short-Term Grain Feeding and Its Effect on Carcass and Meat Quality." Proceedings of the New Zealand Grasslands Association 1997 57 (1997).

Questões Ambientais

DeRamus, H. A., T. C. Clement, D. D. Giampola, and P. C. Dickison. "Methane Emissions of Beef Cattle on Forages: Efficiency of Grazing Management Systems." J Environ Qual 32, no. 1 (2003): 269-77.

Horrigan, L., R. S. Lawrence, and P. Walker. "How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial Agriculture." Environ Health Perspect 110, no. 5 (2002): 445-56.

Taddese, G., M. A. Saleem, A. Astatke, and W. Ayaleneh. "Effect of Grazing on Plant Attributes and Hydrological Properties in the Sloping Lands of the East African Highlands." Environ Manage 30, no. 3 (2002): 406-17.